A summary of the news from the Sudans and the DRC the past two weeks. Click on the title for the full article.
SUDAN & SOUTH SUDAN
Sudans End Oil Dispute
On August 4, Sudan and South Sudan reportedly resolved one of the most important disputes that had brought these two countries close to war—compensation to Sudan for oil pipeline use by its landlocked southern neighbour. According to African Union (AU) mediator Thabo Mbeki, the Sudans will now move on to discussing plans for re-establishing South Sudan’s oil exportation, which was halted earlier this year in association with the dispute. Under the agreement, Juba will compensate Khartoum at a rate that is less than $10/barrel and also present a $3.2 billion compensation package to help Sudan cope with losing the majority of its oil resources upon South Sudan’s secession last year. Sudan claims that the agreement will be not put into effect until after security arrangements have been made and Ramadan has finished. Presidents Bashir and Kiir are due to discuss unresolved border issues upon their next summit.
Violence Prompts All 25,000 Residents of Darfur Refugee Camp to Flee
Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and rebel groups in the Darfur region has pushed the entirety of the Kassab refugee camp’s population to flee the area. According to the African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), many of the refugees lack water, food, and proper sanitation in their new areas, yet are reluctant to return to the refugee camp out of fear of being attacked. The violence reportedly began on August 1 following a carjacking that left two people dead, including the local district commissioner. The United Nations (UN) has estimated that since 2003, approximately 300,000 people have been killed in Darfur, with almost 3 million displaced. Read the rest of this entry »